From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Waxed cotton jackets are doubly waterproofed: Too porous in winds.
The cloth was then returned to Lancashire for waxing, and then back to Webster's for storage, sales and distribution. Webster's were cautious about disrupting their home market, and so sent the new product to another part of the British Empire with similar climatic conditions and a love of sailing for testing: Given the local name Japara , as the material proved a weather and sales success, it was adopted as the trademark by Webster's. In a new technology, refined hydrocarbon wax, was developed to replace cupro — ammonia treatment and remove the smell.
British Millerain were the first to wax cotton in the UK and export this specialist textile across the globe. Halley Stevensons began as a manufacturer of textiles for upholstery , curtains and furnishing, and added waxed cotton to their range in the s. More recently, Templemoyle Mills was established and began manufacturing waxed cotton in Ireland ; the company registered in Waxed cotton became an instant success with the commercial shipping industry, and Webster's as primary manufacturers turned to thinking of alternative markets that the product could be used in.
One of the early adopters was J. Waxed cotton came in either black, or an inconsistent dark olive. Colour was controlled by the amount of copper left from the cupro-ammonia treatment, and because of variability of the olive a complementary dark brown corduroy collar was placed on dark olive jackets. Barbour's entered the motorcycling market from the early s, with the Barbour International motorcycle suit, developing their market presence through sponsorship of the British competitions and teams in motorcycle trials.
Barbour International suits were worn by virtually every British International team from to , and in the International Six Days Trial, actor Steve McQueen and the rest of the American team.
Adopted as the first choice waterproof clothing for the British armed forces during World War II, uses of waxed cotton escalated in the late s and s as spare material and army-surplus was sold off cheaply. Rubber was also widely used for waterproofs during the nineteenth century and although not breathable was highly versatile and widely used. In Charles Macintosh patented a double textured fabric sandwiched around a layer of rubber. The Mackintosh became the synonym for the rain coat.
Improved Macintosh was extremely versatile and was developed for fashionable wear and sporting activity and was made by numerous Manchester manufacturers. Other waterproof and wind proof fabrics, such as Burberry, Grenfell and Ventile were developed from the late nineteenth century. The development of synthetic polymers innovation began in the s gathering pace during and after the Second World War, though it took time for light, breathable waterproofs to be developed.
Although the uses of waxed cotton have reduced considerably, today there are various forms of waxed cotton with differences in look, touch and performance between each one. As wax and cotton are both natural products, they decay and reduce in effectiveness over time. To reduce this decay, waxed-cotton products should never be stored in a damp condition, but dried slowly. Waxed cotton also needs regular annual re-waxing. As the form of waxing and consistency differs between manufacturers, re waxing should only be undertaken with rewaxing products from the original product manufacturer.
A military style falling to just below the waist, with large front pockets and a built-in belt. Epaulets are common but not required. A tight-fitted, waist-length coat with a mandarin non-turndown collar and buttoning cuffs.
Designed for motorcycle riding — Barbour in particular has a long-running association with cycling, dating back to the early s. The iconic military style: Waterproofed cotton and wool were the original materials for the World War One-era trenchcoats that gave the style its name. There are many variations on all these basic styles.
Hoods are quite common, as are all sorts of extra pockets designed for specific activities and items — shotgun shells, rolls of film, notebooks, and more. Colors vary depending on brand and marketing, but earth tones are the most traditional. The original chemical process turned the cotton black or dark olive, which early manufacturers balanced with a brown corduroy collar, and all those are still quite common in modern waxed jacket styles. In any cut or color, the sturdy, finished look of a waxed cotton jacket is a big selling point over more modern outdoors wear — unlike a brightly-colored plastic poncho, it looks like part of an outfit, rather than something draped over it.
The treatment that gives waxed cotton its breathable waterproofing is a natural one — it will decay over time. Re-waxing a cotton jacket can be done at home, or most manufacturers offer a restoring service in-house. The process is fairly simple — softly-heated wax is rubbed into the jacket with a cloth, then allowed to sink in for several hours.
The jacket is than gently warmed itself, which lets the wax spread evenly throughout its fibers. In day-to-day use, the fabric is tough and relatively low-maintenance. If left damp and wadded it can mildew, but hung to dry it largely takes care of itself, apart from the occasional re-waxing. Use cool water and clean with a wet rag. Again — do not use harsh chemical cleaners. One jacket can last a lifetime or more, properly treated — and, unlike a synthetic shell, a rip can be patched, waxed, and incorporated into the jacket like new.
Too porous in winds.
"Halley Stevensons are the world's leading waxed cotton fabric manufacturers and specialists in weatherproofing canvas. We create outdoor fashion apparel fabric and quality luggage canvas at our Baltic Works plant in Dundee, Scotland. Waxed canvas is commonly used to make outdoor gear, backpacks, tote bags, hats, equestrian accessories, vests, dog gear, dog beds, work aprons and more! Watch this video for very helpful insights on working with waxed canvas, how it ages and how to care for it. Boruo Brand 1mm Waxed Cotton Cord Beading Cord Waxed String Wax Cording Cord for Jewelry Making and Macrame Supplies Yards Roll Spool Cream Color with Acrylic Jar.